Lack of knowledge has led many to early graves. Finding a remedy for life’s most dangerous illnesses before getting struck by them is often a wise decision. It is important to get acquainted with preventive measures for life-threatening illnesses in order to tackle them when the need arises.
Hypothermia is basically one of these health-threatening conditions, which has killed many out of ignorance. To fully understand what hypothermia is and ways to prevent it, kindly take a little time to read through the details below.
Understanding What Hypothermia Is
Hypothermia is a condition that requires urgent medical attention to prevent fatal consequences. This condition occurs mostly during the season of snowfall.
Hypothermia occurs when the body has been exposed to cold for a long period of time, thereby causing a drastic fall in body temperature, which results in uncontrollable shaking of the body due to cold exposure, extreme fatigue, drowsiness, memory loss, and fumbling hands.
Be Aware Of Hypothermia
To be aware of this critical condition, identifying the symptoms will be a golden option. Below are signs that indicate a person is undergoing hypothermia:
If you experience those signs at once, seek help to prevent death.
Preventing Hypothermia In A Cold Region
By following the simple preventive methods listed below, you can be sure to combat hypothermia.
- Dress in layers: a fundamental and effective way to prevent hypothermia is to dress appropriately. When it is cold outside, wearing multiple layers of clothing helps trap heat and create an insulating barrier. The layering techniques involve the three stated below:
- The Inner Layer: this layer should be moisture-wicking to keep sweat away from the skin. Materials like polyester or polypropylene are excellent choices.
- The Middle Layer: this layer is for insulation and should be thicker to trap heat. Wool or fleece materials work well.
- The Outer Layer: the outermost layer should be windproof and waterproof to protect against the elements. A good insulated jacket is essential.
- Wear a Hat And Gloves: keeping the head and hands covered is crucial because a significant portion of heat loss is from the head and extremities. A warm hat that covers your ears and gloves will help you retain body heat, thereby reducing the risk of hypothermia.
- Keep Your Feet Warm: In cold conditions, footwear is essential. Insulated waterproof boots should be worn to keep your feet warm and dry. Always wear moisture-wicking socks and avoid tight-fitting shoes that restrict circulation.
- Stay Dry: Wet clothing or skin dramatically increases the risk of hypothermia because water conducts heat away from the body 25 times faster than air. In wet and snowy seasons, ensure that you always Make sure to carry extra clothing in case of emergencies.
- Avoid Overexertion: physical activity generates body heat, and overexertion can lead to sweating, which in turn can lead to wet clothing and an increased risk of hypothermia.
- Seek Shelter: If you start feeling cold in a cold environment, seek shelter instantly. A tent, cabin, or any other type of shelter can protect you from the elements. If you are caught outdoors without shelter, consider building an emergency shelter with any material available in your surroundings.
- Stay Informed: weather conditions can change rapidly; always stay informed about the forecast when planning outdoor activities.
- Stay Hydrated and Nourished: eating high-energy foods and staying hydrated can help your body produce more heat. Carry warm beverages and high-calorie snacks with you to maintain energy levels in cold conditions.
- Use Heating Sources Safely: If you are using heating sources like campfires, portable heaters, or stoves, be sure to follow safety guidelines. Carbon monoxide poisoning can be a risk when using such devices in enclosed spaces, and improper use can cause a fire outbreak. Always ensure proper ventilation and keep flammable materials away from heat sources.
- Buddy system: going out into a cold environment is safer when you have a companion. If one person experiences symptoms of hypothermia, the other can render assistance and help them get to safety. Share your plans with someone who is not going with you, so they know your whereabouts and expected return time.
- Know the signs of hypothermia: recognizing the early signs of hypothermia is essential for prevention. Go through the signs listed above.
- Carry Emergency Supplies: Always carry a small emergency kit that includes items like a space blanket, matches, a whistle, and a first aid kit.
Always remember that life has no duplicate; therefore, there is a need to preserve it. By following the guidelines above, you can be sure to prevent hypothermia, a life-threatening condition!