Blood sugar, or glucose, indicates overall health and allows cells to function properly. This glucose is consumed by the foods you eat, like carbohydrate-rich foods like rice, potatoes, fruit, bread, and more. It is then absorbed by the bloodstream and transported throughout the body. If you talk about normal blood sugar, it is about 70–100 mg/DL.
The blood sugar level normally changes with physical activity and food consumption and affects insulin, glycogen, and glucagon. However, if you are unaware of normal blood sugar or want to know the details, then let’s look at this article. Monitoring glucose can reduce serious complications or health issues.
Normal Blood Sugar Levels By Age
Numerous variables, such as the amount of insulin in the bloodstream, hormone changes, alcohol consumption, food intake, and hormone changes all affect normal blood sugar levels. In many cases, severe conditions are seen, leading to diabetes or high blood pressure.
However, normal blood sugar varies according to several factors, such as age, lifestyle factors, and others. Let’s understand normal blood sugar by age:
💠 Adults And Children(13–19)
The normal blood sugar of adults without diabetes is counted as 70–100 mg/dl. Additionally, if a person suffers from type 1 diabetes before meals, it is measured at 90–130 mg/dl. Also, people who are suffering from type 1 diabetes are counted at 90–150 mg/dl after meals and before going to bedtime.
💠 Children (6-12)
Children under 6 to 12 have a normal blood sugar of 70/100 mg/dl. Moreover, if they suffer from type 1 diabetes, it counts 90–180 mg/dl, measured before meals. Similarly, before bedtime, it is counted as 100–180 g/dl.
💠 Kids (under 6)
It might sound unwell that children below 6 years old suffer from diabetes or type 1. Although normal blood sugar is counted as 70–100 g/dl, In children suffering from type 1 diabetes, glucose levels are measured at 100–180 mg/dl before meals. Similarly, it is measured at 110–120 mg/dl before bedtime.
Testing Of Normal Blood Sugar And Types Of Diabetics
Blood sugar is measured by a glucometer and is tested before, after, or for any duration. Also, the health care provider suggests two or more tests while testing blood sugar. The benefits of testing are that it helps to determine pre-diabetes or diabetes and reduces the risk of uncertainty.
Diabetics are normally caused by age, stress, illness, medications, level of physical activity, and more. Some types of diabetes caused by fluctuations in normal blood sugar are:
- Type 1: Type 1 diabetes is considered the starting point of diabetes disease. In this case, the immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells, which reduces insulin production, leading to low sugar production.
- Type 2: Type 2 diabetics happen after continuous stoppage of insulin-producing cells and need medications for control. It is present throughout lifestyles and is done by eating a nutritional diet, regular exercise, and being stress-free.
- Gestational: Gestational blood sugar is normally tested during pregnancy as there are several hormonal changes in the bodies of females. It is then resolved after the delivery.
Types Of Abnormal Blood Sugar
When normal blood sugar fluctuates, it leads to abnormal blood sugar. It’s normally two types:
🔹 High blood sugar
High blood sugar, or hyperglycemia, is when the blood sugar level goes higher than normal. It is usually seen in people without diabetes. It is mainly caused by stress or illness. Also, lack of sleep, sunburns, coffee, nasal sprays, gum disease, and other major causes of high blood sugar can make you feel weak or tired, cause frequent urination, cause vision problems, etc.
🔹 Low Blood Sugar
Like high blood sugar, low blood sugar normally happens to those who do not have diabetes. It is normally caused by certain types of medications, alcohol consumption, heart, kidney, or liver failure, a lack of hormones, and more.
Tips For Maintaining Healthy Normal Blood Sugar
If you have unbalanced blood sugar, it is automatically resolved by good eating habits, a healthy diet, regular exercise, and a better environment. Also, to maintain healthy blood sugar, you should stay hydrated. Have regular exercise, manage stress, get enough sleep, and more. It helps to avoid long-term complications from diabetes or other chronic diseases.