Polycystic Ovary Syndrome(PCOS) is an exceedingly common condition primarily affecting assigned females at birth. PCOS occurs when your body’s hormonal orchestra plays out of tune.
It affects females at reproductive age. It is like a puzzle with many pieces, PCOS involves a lot of symptoms, and it may vary from person to person. Let’s find out more about polycystic ovary syndrome.
PCOS And Its Tell-Tale Signs
A woman experiencing PCOS has an abnormal amount of male sex hormones called androgens. All women have a smaller amount of androgen in them. However, increased levels of androgen production may lead to various complications. It is not a life-threatening condition.
However, excess levels of androgen may lead to the development of cysts in the ovaries. The signs of PCOS may differ from person to person depending on various factors. Some of the common symptoms of PCOS include,
- Irregular periods – A key sign of PCOS is irregular periods. Due to the imbalance of hormone levels, ovulation disorders may occur. It can lead to irregular periods. Women with PCOS sometimes experience a heavier period. In rare cases, PCOS can stop the menstruation.
- Ovulation problems – Ovulation complications are common with PCOS. Hormonal imbalance can alter the timely growth and release of eggs. It can result in ovulation problems. Women with ovulation disorders find it difficult to conceive. Pain and bleeding during ovulation are also rare symptoms of PCOS.
- Unwanted hair growth – PCOS can be seen in women with unhealthy body weight. Even though excess hair growth is not an immediate sign of PCOS. It is a common symptom found in obese women with PCOS. You may experience unwanted hair growth on your face and neck. You can reduce the facial hair growth by losing your weight.
- Acne – PCOS leads to the increased production of testosterone. Too much testosterone is not great for your skin. It can lead to an increase in sebum production and result in acne.
- Hair thinning – Some women with PCOS have a disturbing level of hair thinning. Hair loss is a common sign of PCOS. The condition has an association with increased production of testosterone. The production of testosterone at a higher level will adversely affect your hair.
- Weight gain – Excess weight leads to PCOS. Sometimes PCOS leads to excess weight. PCOS makes your body resistant to insulin. The extra insulin increases fat storage and feelings of hunger.
- Skin darkening – Hyperpigmentation may occur around the groin area and on the neck. You may notice discoloration on the skin if you have PCOS. High levels of insulin in PCOD patients can result in excessive production of melanin, which leads to skin darkening.
- Mood swings – Hormonal changes and imbalances in the body can create mood swings in PCOS patients. It is normal for women to experience mood swings during the menstrual cycle, however, PCOS will also display the same kind of symptoms. Anxiety and depression are other common signs of PCOS.
- Insulin resistance – PCOS is also associated with insulin resistance. It can lead to increased fat storage and hunger. You may find it difficult to control your blood sugar as well.
Some of these symptoms may not be a reason for PCOS. If you notice several of these signs, seek help from a medical professional. Proper diagnosis and personalized treatment plan is crucial for treating PCOS.
Navigating PCOS – Treatment Options
Blood tests, pelvic exams, and ultrasounds can determine the presence of polycystic ovary syndrome. People with PCOS often experience many health problems. Some women may find it difficult to get pregnant.
Available treatment options do not cure PCOS. However, they can alleviate the symptoms associated with PCOS. You need to consult your doctor if you suspect PCOS. A doctor can suggest you appropriate treatment for your PCOS. Medication options for improving PCOS symptoms include,
- Combination of birth control pills to regulate hormones
- Progestin therapy
- Medicines to stimulate ovaries
- Hormone medications and injections
Lifestyle changes can also bring desirable improvements in your condition. You can bring changes to different aspects of your life. Which include,
- Reduce your body weight by a low-calorie diet
- Exercise regularly, keep your body active
- Reduce sugar intake
- Include probiotics, protein, and healthy fats in the diet
- Eat fiber-rich food twice a week
- Manage stress
- Take needed rest. Sleep well
- You can also take supplements
PCOS is a common condition affecting women of childbearing age. The tell-tale signs of PCOS include irregular periods, ovulation disorders, hair thinning, facial hair, acne, hyperpigmentation, insulin resistance, mood swings, and weight gain.
Remember the symptoms of PCOS vary from person to person. Effective treatments are available for PCOS even though they can not cure PCOS. Medications and lifestyle changes can largely reduce the symptoms of polycystic ovary symptoms.