Colon cancer or colorectal cancer is a type of commonly preventable cancer. Since colon cancer and rectal cancer share similarities they are often grouped together. Early diagnosis of colon cancer helps to reduce the risk elements.
What Is Colon Cancer?
When normal cells in the colon start to grow uncontrollably, they will eventually develop tumors. These tumors can be harmful. It also takes years to develop a tumor in the colon. But all kinds of polyps (abnormal growth of cells) in the colon or large intestine can not be cancer-causing.
Some polyps are harmless. Since the formation of clumps like this does not show any sort of symptoms. Regular medical checkups are needed. Cell growth usually starts from the part of the large intestine. Colon cancer risks can be mitigated with early diagnosis and excision of polyps.
Top Reasons Behind Colon Cancer
Even though genetics play a vital role in colon cancer, many external factors contribute to the development of colon cancer as well, some of the common causes behind the disease include,
- Diet – Diet plays a crucial role in the development of colon cancer, eating excessive meat-based food items can increase the risk of getting colorectal cancer. Saturated fat, excessive sugar intake, and processed meat are all high-risk food items.
- Alcohol – Alcohol plays a huge role in many types of diseases. When it comes to cancer alcohol, It causes multiple types of cancer in humans. The metabolism of ethanol in alcohol creates a cancer-causing effect in the colon.
- Smoking – Just like alcohol, smoking increases the risk of various diseases. Male smokers have a higher chance of getting colon cancer. The chemicals in the smoke cause terrible damage to the cells. It eventually leads to cancer.
- Overweight – Being obese increases the risk of colon cancer by altering the production of insulin and leptin. It can lead to hormone-related abnormal cell growth in the body.
- Inactivity – Lack of exercise in life will result in bad gut health and inflammation. In the future, it can lead to colon cancer.
How Do I Recognize Colon Cancer? Signs and Symptoms
Diagnosing colon cancer requires medical health screening. Colon cancer often does not have any top symptoms in the earlier stage. The vital signs of colon cancer are,
Many other ailments may display the same types of symptoms. So having all these symptoms may not be a reason behind colon cancer. If you have any concerns, you should always see a doctor. There are different types of colon cancer. The most common types of colon cancer include adenocarcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract and adenocarcinoma of the colon.
Who Are At Risk Of Colon Cancer?
Generally, older people have a higher risk of developing colon cancer. But recently, there has been an increase in the number of younger people with colon cancer. Obese people are also prone to colon cancer. Compared to women, men have a higher risk of developing the disease. Genetics necessarily plays an important role here, but in some cases, the inherited gene also plays a significant role.
What Should I Do To Prevent Colon Cancer?
Following a healthy lifestyle and losing bad habits can make a huge difference. You can do many things to lower your risk of getting colon cancer. A few steps to prevent this disease include,
- Follow a fiber-rich diet. Include avocado, apple, lentils, raspberries, broccoli, pears, bananas, oats, peas, and carrots in your diet. Try to eat various fiber-rich foods.
- Intake of balanced nutrition and plant-based food can improve colon health
- Limit red meat consumption. Eat white meat.
- Limit sugar intake
- Avoid alcohol consumption and smoking.
- Exercise regularly
- Eat food items that can improve the gut microbiome
- Frequent medical screening for colonoscopy will help to detect colon cancer at an early stage.
Colon cancer is a common but preventable disease. Paying little attention to diet, regular exercise, and following a healthy lifestyle can lower the risk. Do not skip your screening. Symptoms of colon cancer can be a reason for other not-so-serious ailments. Do not panic when you find some of these symptoms. Consult a medical health professional if you have any doubts.