The nervous system is a widespread network in the human body. It consists of nerve cells (neurons)and, synapses (the connecting links). The nervous system performs all the cognition and sense-related activities in the human body and regulates every body organ. The nervous system may undergo damage easily but curing them is not always easy.
The nerve regeneration process is a complex procedure that takes a long time to complete. The damage to the nervous system can have negative impacts on blood circulation and mobility too. It causes numbness, weakness, and a tingling sensation in the affected area.
Natural Nerve Regeneration Process
Damage to the nerve fiber can be repaired naturally. This time-consuming process has to meet a few critters to get completed. The gap that occurred due to external injury should be below 3 mm. Above that a natural cure will be impossible.
A neurilemma or a thin sheath around the nerve axon should be present for the regeneration process. There should be a healthy nucleus within the damaged nerve portion. The two cut ends should be a single line pr symmetrical for the natural regeneration process.
Stages Of Nerve Regeneration
The nerve cell regeneration is a slow process that consists of three milestone steps. That includes Wallerian degeneration or the removal of distal stumps. Axonal regeneration is the second step that makes the axons of the nerves strong and ready to function. The last process is the end organ reinnervation which helps the re-establishment of the function of the particular aspect of the nervous system. This is a long process that takes months or years to complete.
The time taken for the healing process completely depends on the severity of the cut or damage that occurred. Here is the step-by-step method of the natural nerve regeneration process.
- Pseudopodia growth: Pseudopodia are grown as part of cell regeneration. These are sensitive projections that are formed to connect the neurons with the adjacent ones. This helps neurons to tangle each other for healthy recovery. It helps the minute locomotion of the neurons that are helpful to the regeneration process.
- Fibril movement to the distal cut: Collagen fibrils will help the neurons to grow towards the cut to ensure the curing process. These fibrils are made up of linear biopolymers.
- The fibril enters the neurilemmal tube: The next process towards the completion of nerve regeneration is the entering of fibrils into the neurilemmal tube. Nuerilemmal tubes are regeneration tubes that help in establishing the connections of growing axils.
- Lining up of Schwann cells: Schwan cells are important in the regeneration process of nerves as they play a vital role in the formation of the melyne sheath. These cells make proper blood circulation possible to the cut part of the nervous system.
- Formation of axis cylinder: The Axis cylinder, one of the important parts of the nerve fiber will formed and established in this stage.
- Formation of Melyn sheath: Melyn sheath or the protective layer to the nerve cells will be formed towards the completion of the nerve regeneration process.
- Growing of nerve fiber: The diameter of nerve fibers will be increased showing that the regeneration process is almost complete.
- Completion of regeneration process: the regeneration porches will be completed by the formation of the Golgi apparatus.
For Faster Recovery
Nerve regeneration is a slow process. There are many methods to fasten the curing process when there is nerve damage or a cut. Certain medications, desensitization techniques, and physical therapies can fasten the curing process. The surgeon will also opt for surgery to reconnect nerve ends to ease the regeneration process.
Nerve graft technology is also used if the cut is too wide. Nerve graft surgery focuses on connecting the cut ends of the nerves. Here, they use a small piece of nerve as a connecting link to join the ends. The possibility of fast recovery is too high with the nerve graft technique.
The role of exercise or physiotherapy is very important in reestablishing the function of the organs of the nervous system after or during the regeneration process. A natural method, medication, or surgery needs to be accompanied by experts-suggested light exercise movements to smoothen the blood flow and neurotransmission.
Science-based movement helps in faster recovery from mild or severe nerve damage.
The Bottom Line
Nerve regeneration is a complex process involving sequential stages from cell growth to the formation of vital nerve components, often aided by medications, surgeries like nerve grafts, and expert-led physiotherapy, all instrumental in restoring function and expediting recovery.