A sore throat is a raspy condition that causes a bruise or irritation at the back of your throat. You will feel scratchy or dry in the posterior part of the tongue. It may hurt you or cause pain when you eat, drink, or swallow anything if you have a sore throat.
A sore throat may be due to viral infections like flu or cold, bacterial infections like strep throat, or other environmental factors. Let’s examine and understand the causes, symptoms, and steps applied to manage a sore throat promptly at home.
Causes Of A Sore Throat
There are numerous risk factors and causes for a sore throat in any individual. The most prevailing factor that leads to a sore throat is a viral infection caused by a cold or the flu. Some other factors are bacterial infections and environmental factors like dry air and contaminated water.
Below are some crucial factors that cause a sore throat.
- Viral infections like the flu, colds, mumps, measles, chicken pox, and mononucleosis.
- Bacterial infections like strep throat, tonsillitis, and other STIs like gonorrhea & chlamydia.
- Environmental factors like dry air, temperature & humidity, air insects, and inanimate surfaces.
Some other risk factors and sources of a sore throat include;
- Exposure to smoke & chemicals
- Personal hygiene, especially hand hygiene
- Drinking or usage of contaminated water
- Smoking cigarettes or using tobacco
- Verbal tension or talking loudly
- Any type of injury in the innards
- Winter seasons
If you encounter a sore throat, you must observe the symptoms, severity, and duration of the affliction caused by a sore throat. An innocuous sore throat usually relieves conventionally within a week or two. If the problem persists beyond two weeks, you may seek medical help to avoid further intense conditions.
Symptoms Of A Sore Throat
The symptoms of a sore throat may be gentle and identified from the first day of its occurrence. The first symptom is the distressing feeling of soreness in the throat. It will start with tiny, red patches on the upper surface of the deep mouth. Below are some significant symptoms you may observe if you have a sore throat.
- Always dry and discordant
- Distressing feeling of irritation
- Discomfort in the throat
- Constantly scratchy or burning sensation
- Pain and trouble while swallowing
- Dry coughing
- Tonsils become swollen and red
- Difficult to speak
- Suppressed voice
Sometimes, a sore throat may also induce ear pain and swellings around the neck and jaws. If you feel discomfort over a mild sore throat or assume you cannot sleep, follow a few easy first-aid steps to manage a sore throat the night before you go to bed.
Steps To Relieve A Sore Throat
There is no instantaneous remedy for a sore throat. Instead, you can pursue a few measures to feel the ease of the pain and gradually heal it better. However, a sore throat heals without medical care or any medications. Here are a few general steps to heed if you face a sore throat.
- Gargle your throat with a mixture of mild hot water and crystal salt. Rinse it inside your mouth for one minute and spit it out
- Use a humidifier in your room and keep the air moisturized
- Drink plenty of water, tea with honey, or warm water with lemon
- Consume cold liquids or ice creams if your throat burns or irritates
- Keep your salivas alive by munching candies or ice pops
- Stay away from chemicals, fumes, and allergens
- Abstain from smoking cigarettes
- Ingest a mixture of honey and curcumin once a day
- Manage your voice by avoiding immense sounds or talking loudly
Make sure you get sufficient rest and enough sleep. Resting your body will help to fight against infections and germs inside your body. You may take pain relievers for instant relief from pain if you feel distress and cannot tolerate the pain.
A sore throat is also a symptom of many delicate conditions. Generally, a sore throat condition may improve within a week. If it does not improve or you experience other painful symptoms, you may consult a medical officer to receive appropriate treatment.
Continuously stay hydrated by drinking plenty of liquids. Remember to gargle with warm water and salt before you go to sleep. Swallow curcumin with honey daily if you are affected by throat infections.