Cancer is a famous disease that has consumed numerous lives, leaving many in pain and regretful memories. The sad reality is that deadly diseases like this do not just result from a known source, they can originate without any underlying issues.
Prior to the days of old, technological advancements have exposed few facts about cancerous cells and tumors. Whenever people hear the name “cancer” they will start pushing and crossing over their heads not to be their portion.
However, that is not the remedy because sadly, anyone can become a cancer patient. The most vital thing to do is learn about cancer, its symptoms, and early detective methods. This article will focus mainly on throat cancer. Stay tuned and read on!
What Is Throat Cancer?
Throat cancer refers to a type of cancer that grows in the throat (pharynx) and voice box (larynx).
The throat is a muscular tube that starts behind the nose and ends in the neck. The flat cells that lead inside the throat are where throat cancer begins. The voice box sits below the throat and also is being affected by throat cancer. The voice box is made of cartilage and it contains the vocal cord that vibrates to make sounds when you speak.
Identify The Types Of Throat Cancer
The throat has different regions but when referring to throat cancer, everyone merges it up as one. Although throat cancer has the same type of cells, there are terms used to give differences to the part of the throat where the cancer originates.
- Oropharyngeal cancer: this type of cancer starts in the oropharynx, which is the part of the throat right behind the mouth that includes the tonsils.
- Nasopharyngeal cancer: this starts in the nasopharynx. This is the part of the throat that connects with the nose.
- Subglottic cancer: begins in the lower version of your voice box, below the vocal cord.
- Supraglottic cancer: starts in the upper portion of the voice box and includes cancer that affects the epiglottis, which is a piece of cartilage that blocks food from entering the windpipe.
- Hypopharyngeal cancer: this begins in the lower part of the throat, just above the esophagus and windpipe.
- Glottic cancer: this type of cancer begins in the vocal cord.
Symptoms Of Throat Cancer
Symptoms of throat cancer include the following:
- A continuous cough
- Frequent hoarseness of voice
- Ear ache
- Difficulty swallowing
- A lump or sore that doesn’t heal
- Consistent sore throat
- Unexplained weight loss
- Coughing up blood
- Shortness of breath
These signs are normal occurrences to other health issues but when it comes too frequently, it’s best to consult a doctor for proper examination and diagnosis. When you start experiencing these symptoms don’t let fear prevent you from going for a checkup, not all result in throat cancer.
How To Detect When It’s Throat Cancer
The best way to detect if the signs and symptoms you face are throat cancer is to go for a diagnosis. The following will be carried out during diagnosis:
- Physical examination: this will be done by a professional by examining the mouth, throat, and neck.
- Blood test: this will done to check your overall health
- Biopsy: this is usually done by removing a small cell or tissue to view under a microscope in case there are cancer cells.
- Endoscopy of the larynx: an endoscope will be inserted into your throat through the nose to search for abnormalities.
- CT Scan
- Magnetic Resonance Imaging
- Positron Emission Tomography Scan
Throat Cancer Prevention Scheme
The major causes of throat cancer are smoking, excess alcohol intake, and poor diet. Try as much as you can to quit smoking, take alcohol in moderation, and eat healthy. Doing these will significantly prevent throat cancer.
Discovering that you have cancer is the most challenging and depressing moment. No one ever desires to fall into a trap of tremendous health issues but when it happens, we just have to embrace it by staying strong. It will be best to avoid getting into the trap of throat cancer by avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption. If you’ve been eating poorly, try to add meaningful nutrients to your meals to help prevent this deadly disease.
If you pass through the symptoms listed above, make sure you meet a professional healthcare provider for diagnosis and treatment.