Gynecomastia In Men – Does Gynecomastia Affect The Balance Of Hormones?

Gynecomastia in men is a medical condition that refers to developing enlarged breast tissue in males. This condition can occur irrespective of age and often results from hormonal fluctuations. Due to this condition, one could create a more feminine chest appearance that could cause emotional distress and body image concerns. Let’s delve deeper into various aspects of the condition. 

How Gynecomastia Impacts Hormone?

Gynecomastia is often associated with the fluctuations of hormones in men. In normal cases, men have low estrogen levels and high levels of testosterone that help in the development of masculine characteristics.


In cases of gynecomastia, it could be noticed that estrogen levels are higher than testosterone levels leading to the development of breast tissue. 

Who Is At Risk For Gynecomastia?

Adolescent Boys

This condition is commonly developed during puberty as it is the time of hormonal changes. It is mostly common for adolescent boys to experience breast tissue enlargement that resolves with time. 

Older Men

As one ages, the hormone balance also changes accordingly increasing the risk of gynecomastia in older men. With the gradual decrease in testosterone levels and relative increase in estrogen stimulating breast tissue growth. 


Certain medications can also influence hormone levels stimulating the growth of breast tissues. Always consult healthcare professionals and be aware of potential side effects. 

Health Conditions

Some health conditions including liver disease, obesity, and kidney failure could disrupt hormone balance resulting in gynecomastia.

Substance Abuse

The use of substances like alcohol, and marijuana can elevate the risk of gynecomastia as it severely affects hormone levels. 

Family History

Individuals with a family history of gynecomastia are at higher risk due to the genetic component. 

Hormone Replacement Therapy

If you are someone who has undergone hormone replacement therapy the chances are you are at higher risk of gynecomastia. 

Also Check: Hormonal Weight Gain: Symptoms, Causes, And Prevention

What Are The Common Signs And Symptoms Of Gynecomastia?

? Breast Enlargement

The most common symptom of gynecomastia is the development of breast tissues. 

? Breast Tenderness

Some kind of discomfort, sensitivity, and tenderness surrounding the breast area could indicate gynecomastia.

? Changes in nipple

Certain changes in the appearance of nipples such as a firm mass under the nipple could be a sign of gynecomastia.

? Uneven Chest

Asymmetrical breast size is a common concern associated with gynecomastia. One breast might appear larger or swollen when compared to the other. 

? Breast Pain

Pain and discomfort in the breasts could range from mild to severe. 

? Nipple Discharge

In certain cases, a discharge in milky form is common in gynecomastia. 

What Are The Treatment Options For Gynecomastia?

  • Surgical Excision: It is the surgical removal of the excess breast tissue. It is mostly recommended in persistent cases of gynecomastia. 
  • Liposuction: Another renowned treatment for this condition is liposuction if it is due to excess fatty tissues. It is a less invasive procedure where the excess fat from the chest area is removed.
  • Hormone Therapy: Hormone therapy uses medications to resolve the hormonal imbalances resulting in this condition.  

Lifestyle Changes To Control Gynecomastia?

  • Healthy Diet: A balanced and well-planned diet could help to address gynecomastia. Including plenty of fruits, vegetables, and greens in your diet could bring significant changes. Try to avoid processed foods and maintain sugar intake to reduce body fat. 
  • Physical Activity: Regular exercise that helps to burn calories is advised to lower body fat percentage. 
  • Avoiding Alcohol and drugs:  Avoiding alcohol and drugs could help to maintain the hormone balance that contributes to gynecomastia.
  • Stress Management: It is no secret that stress results in hormonal imbalances. Managing your stress could help to maintain hormone levels and reduce the risk of gynecomastia. 
  • Adequate Sleep: Sleep is an important factor that regulates hormone production and balance. Getting enough sleep helps to manage this condition effectively.

Emotional Distress And Gynecomastia

  • Seek Professional Help: Dealing with gynecomastia could be emotionally challenging and it is highly advised to seek emotional support to address body issues and concerns. 
  • Educate Yourself: To deal with the condition in a better way it is important to educate yourself so that you can make informed decisions. 
  • Support Groups: Joining support groups that specialize in working towards the betterment of individuals with gynecomastia could help to address the issue effectively. 
  • Wardrobe Choices: Wear something that makes you feel comfortable and confident about yourself while you battle with gynecomastia. 


Gynecomastia is a condition that requires medical care as well as emotional support. Seeking professional help and the right diagnosis and treatment could bring effective results. Developing body positivity and the right attitude helps to effectively tackle the condition. 

More: The Testosterone Diet: Foods And Nutrition For Optimal Hormone Levels

About the Author

Nicole Carter is a dedicated and passionate nutritionist, committed to helping individuals achieve their health and wellness goals through the power of proper nutrition. With a Bachelor's degree in Nutritional Science and years of practical experience.

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