Have you ever experienced a woozy feeling throughout your body? We all might have gone through the sudden rush of dizziness that almost left us feeling unstable for a short period. Do you know your cardiovascular system and sense of equilibrium have a close relationship? This article explores the labyrinth of the circulatory system and its connection to the unsteady feeling you experience on the odd occasion.
Understanding High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a common lifestyle disease. Hypertension occurs when the pressure in your blood vessels reaches 140/90 mmHg or higher. 120/80mmHg or lower is the normal blood pressure.
Even though it is a common health condition, If you leave it untreated it will become life-threatening. There are a few reasons behind high blood pressure. They include,
- Heart-related defects present at the time of birth itself.
- Excessive smoking
- Alcohol consumption
- Obstructive sleep apnea
- Thyroid disorders
- Other underlying health conditions
- Use of synthetic drugs
- Kidney-related health problems
- Family history of high BP
- Some medications
- Excessive salt intake
Since it is a lifestyle disease, practicing healthy habits can reduce the risk of hypertension. High blood pressure is not self-diagnosable. Moreover, some persons with hypertension do not display any type of symptoms at all. Some of the common symptoms of elevated blood pressure are,
- Severe headache
- Heat palpitation
- Blurred vision
Regular blood pressure check-ups can help to keep track of your blood pressure. You can even check your blood pressure at home. Now, you must have noticed dizziness as a symptom of hypertension. Let’s look deeper into the reason behind dizziness when you have higher blood pressure.
Does Hypertension Cause Dizziness?
Blood pressure medications will also cause dizziness. However, hypertension does not directly cause dizziness. Sometimes, high blood pressure shows no notable symptoms. In some cases, it is more like a silent killer. Elevated blood pressure is the main reason behind stroke, and the feeling of dizziness can be a symptom of an onset of stroke. So, dizziness and high blood pressure have no direct connection.
Which Type Of Blood Pressure Has A Link With Dizziness?
Dizziness is a commonly associated symptom of low blood pressure. People with hypertension are also vulnerable to fluctuating blood pressure. Low blood pressure or hypotension happens when BP readings go below 90/60mmHg. Lower blood pressure is not a cause of great concern in a person with no underlying health condition.
- Dehydration, diarrhea, and fever
- Long rest
- Blood loss
- Psychological reasons
- Some infections
All these reasons may lead to low blood pressure. When you have hypotension, the oxygen level in your body drops. It may result in symptoms like,
- Difficulty to walk
- Feeling of faintness
- Sudden drop in body temperature
When the oxygen level drops- your brain and heart can not function properly. The sudden slowdown in the functioning of these two organs can trigger dizziness or even result in loss of consciousness.
Sometimes, sudden drops in blood pressure occur when you stand up quickly. When you stand up quickly, blood pressure drops rapidly due to gravitational pull. This condition is called OH or Orthostatic Hypotension. The feeling of lightheadedness is a common symptom of OH. People with high blood pressure have a higher risk of orthostatic hypotension.
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How Do I Treat Dizziness Caused By Blood Pressure Fluctuations?
Both high and low blood pressure contribute to the feeling of dizziness. Regular blood pressure checkups are unavoidable if you have high or low blood pressure. If you have high blood pressure, immediately seek professional help when you feel dizzy.
Checking your blood pressure when you feel lightheaded will make it easier to diagnose which type of blood pressure is the reason behind unsteadiness.
Following a healthy lifestyle may prevent hypertension. You may avoid
- Excess salt intake
- Excessive drinking
- Drug abuse
- Unhealthy diet
In order to prevent orthostatic hypotension, take these measures
- Avoid standing up or changing positions quickly.
- Eat properly. Never skip breakfast or a meal.
- Drink enough water. Stay hydrated.
Hypertension does not have a direct connection with dizziness, but as an onset of stroke, a person may feel dizzy. Hypotension and orthostatic hypotension are the blood pressure types that can directly cause dizziness. Blood pressure fluctuations are easy to control when you take preventive measures. Untreated hypertension may lead to other dangerous health conditions. Eat healthy, avoid habits that can harm your body, and drink enough water. Take care of your health.