Lower back pain is one of the most common ailments that everyone faces at least once in their lifetime. In a study conducted in 2020, lower back pain was reported as the major cause of absence from work.
People who are over 30 are more susceptible to this lower back pain because the fluid between your spine vertebrae will start reducing as you grow older. The lower back is where your spine connects with your pelvis; it is the region that carries the weight of your upper body.
A pain in your lower back will affect your flexibility and interfere with your body’s natural ability to function. Common symptoms of back pain when sitting for a prolonged duration include pain while bending down, frequent stiffness in your back, and numbness.
Causes Of Lower Back Pain
There are many reasons causing lower back pain, and let me introduce you to every one of them.
🔶 Muscle Strain
Due to excess activity, the muscles and ligaments in your lower back might stretch excessively, which will lead to a tear in your muscles, strain your muscle area, and cause lower back pain. This also causes muscle spasms and excessive pain when you make sudden movements.
🔶 Herniated Disc
As you age, the disc in your back is more susceptible to injury, and the outer part of the disc is more prone to wear and tear, which leads to a herniated disc. This compresses your nerve root and causes significant pain in your lower back.
The most common cause of lower back pain is injury. When you get into an accident or fall and injure your back, the bones in your spine get affected, and this might lead to a fracture, causing significant lower back pain.
Arthritis, especially osteoarthritis, leads to inflammation of your spine and causes stiffness in your lower back, which leads to severe back pain. Arthritis in your spine results in a narrowing of the space in your spinal cord, which results in spinal stenosis and hurts your lower back. If the bones in your spine become brittle, your spine vertebrae will develop breaks and cause pain in your lower back.
🔶 Medical Conditions
Medical conditions like spine tumors, certain types of cancer, and kidney stones are also major causes of lower back pain. An inflammation in the spoke bones makes your spine stiff and fuses the spine bones, and a lack of flexibility in your spine causes lower back pain.
Any tumor that has metastasized to your spine as a result of cancer in the breast, prostate, kidney, and so on also causes spinal tumors and leads to lower back pain.
🔶 Joint Dysfunction
The two facets in your lumbar spine disc have cartilage in between the bones and are surrounded by a capsular ligament, and when excess pressure is applied to this ligament, it causes joint dysfunction and leads to lower back pain. An inflammation of the sacroiliac joint affects the movement of your joints, leading to back pain.
Any deformity in your spine, including breakdown of facet joints, discs, sacroiliac joints, stenosis, and other related breaks in your joints, will cause lower back pain. Scoliosis and kyphosis also cause curvature in your spine and deform your spine, causing back pain.
One of the major causes of lower back pain is your lifestyle. If you are a frequent smoker, it will inflame your body and affect your body’s natural ability to heal itself, which in turn causes lower back pain.
If you are obese, it stresses your spine and causes wear and tear in your spine, leading to lower back pain. A dormant lifestyle with minimal to no activity or an overactive lifestyle with excess activity is also a major cause of lower back pain.
Lower back pain can also be a symptom of cancer, especially prostate cancer. Hence, it is essential to make a note of your symptoms and consult your medical expert immediately when you have a lower back loan to prevent the metastasizing of your loan further.
If your pain lasts for more than 3 weeks and gets worse with each day, it is essential to consult with a medical expert immediately.