Do you have frequent itching on your skin or red patches appearing on your skin? If yes, then you should seek medical help. This is a form of dermatitis that can be characterized by coin-shaped rashes on your skin. These patches are inflamed, red, and itchy. It also forms a crusty surface around itself which can come off after healing.
For some skin conditions, these flaky skin may go on their own, but if there is a frequent recurrence of this condition, then you need medical advice. If you see any signs of round flaky patches on your skin, which is tender to touch, or prone to itching then this blog is for you.
Cause Of Discoid Eczema
Discoid Eczema or Nummular Eczema is a caused because of skin injury. This skin injury can be of any kind like skin burn, abrasion, allergy, insect bite, dehydration, or wound infection. Other causes of this eczema are changes in temperature, surgery, or environmental irritants.
The skin condition is chronic and can be managed with the help of medications and ointments. It often occurs more in men rather than women. Specifically, adult men are more prone to have discoid eczema. It can result in one patch or multiple patches around the skin or the whole of your body.
Symptoms Of Discoid Eczema
As indicated before, discoid eczema is a coin-shaped patch on your skin with redness and an itchy surface. But that is not all. Other symptoms of this condition exist. They are stated below:
- The rough patches on your skin also give out clear liquid
- Lesions around the patches are itchy and tender to touch
- Inflammation or redness around the skin
- Clear signs of skin discoloration
- These may be brown, pink, or red
- It can spread out to arms, legs, and torso
- It spreads in 1-3 cm of diameter
Treatment Of Discoid Eczema
There are various treatments for this condition. For some cases, medication works but with chronic eczema, there are additional treatments involved to cure eczema.
👉 Topical Steroids
These are anti-inflammatory ointments that are easily available in pharmacies. With the help of these creams, you can see visible results in your skin condition in just 2-4 weeks of application. Doctors recommend you apply this cream once or twice daily to get better results.
Discoid eczema is a form of inflammation on the skin that can be treated with antibiotics. Erythromycin or Flucloxacillin are commonly prescribed for these skin conditions. Topical calcineurin inhibitors help to stop the infection from the blisters spreading in the skin. It also reduces the risk of these skin diseases occurring again.
👉 Oral Antihistamines
These medications are focused on reducing the itch on the skin patches. Although they are not successful in clearing the rash, they do provide temporary relief from pain.
👉 Ultraviolet Radiation
The use of phototherapy or ultraviolet radiation to tone down the effect the eczema is a recent innovation. It takes about 6-12 weeks of therapy that can help in reducing the itch and stubborn rashes from the skin.
👉 Oral Steroids
These steroids are different from the topical steroids that are generally prescribed a few weeks before them. Doctors recommend these medications only for extensive cases of nummular eczema.
Prevention Of Discoid Eczema
To avoid coming in contact with eczema you should keep yourself clean and use moisturizers. Not that this skin condition is contagious, but practicing healthy habits can help you keep away from diseases.
👉 Maintain Skin Hydration
The real cause of the eczema is dryness in your skin. When you are applying moisturizers or using moisturizing body washes or soaps, your skin tends to keep the moisture. Also, keep yourself hydrated all the time to avoid dehydration in your body.
👉 Protect Yourself From Extreme Temperature
With the harsh sunlight or extreme temperatures exposed to your skin, it is possible to get eczema. So always cover up your body with comfortable skin-friendly clothes before stepping out in the sun or on a cold day.
👉 Avoid Any Contact With Allergies
Most of the individuals suffer from various things that can lead to an allergic reaction on their skin. Identify your trigger foods or drinks and prevent them from resulting in any reactions.
👉 Eat Healthy Foods
Plant-based omega-3 fatty acids, ginger, turmeric, fruits, and vegetables, are good to incorporate into your regular diet. They have anti-inflammatory properties and fibers to improve your skin moisture and avoid any inflammation.