Joint pain is when parts of your body where bones meet hurt. Think about your hip, where your thigh bone and pelvis bone join. That is a joint. You often feel this pain in your hands, feet, hips, knees, or back. The pain could be constant, or it might come and go. Joints might feel stiff, achy, or sore. Some people feel a burning or throbbing pain, while others say their joints are grating.
In the morning, your joints might be stiff. But as you move around, they usually feel better. However, if you do too much, the pain can get worse.
When your joints hurt a lot, it can be hard to do simple things. This can affect how you live your day. Getting treatment is essential. It helps not just with the pain but also with getting back to your everyday life.
Causes Of Bone Or Joint Issues
Bone issues can arise because of many different reasons. Some are specific to the kind of bone disease.
- Genetics: You are most likely to get a bone disease if you have it in your genes and family history.
- Aging: As you get older, your bones lose minerals. This makes them less dense and more fragile.
- Nutrition: Eating right is vital for strong bones. You need enough calcium and vitamin D.
- Bone Remodeling Issues: After 20, sometimes your body breaks down old bone faster than it can make new bone. This weakens your bones.
- Hormonal Changes: Changes in hormones can make you more likely to get osteoporosis, like low estrogen in menopause or low testosterone levels.
- Lifestyles Choices: Not exercising, smoking, or drinking too much alcohol can also make you more likely to get osteoporosis.
Symptoms Of Bone Diseases
Bone diseases can show different signs or sometimes none at all. Like osteoporosis, it is often silent, and you don’t know you have it until a bone breaks.
Common signs of bone disease include:
- Pain in the bones
- Easy breaking of bones from minor injuries
- Pain in joints
- Back pain
- Feeling weak
Each bone disease also has its unique signs. For example, in osteomyelitis (a bone infection), you might see redness, swelling, and feel warmth where it’s infected.
If it’s bone cancer, you might lose weight, feel tired, or find a lump where the cancer is.
- Osteoarthritis: Osteoarthritis happens when the soft stuff between bones gets thin. This makes joints hurt and stiff. It usually starts after 45 and gets worse slowly.
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: Rheumatoid arthritis, or RA, is when your joints swell and hurt for a long time. It can make your fingers and wrists change shape.
- Injuries: A common reason for bone pain is injury. Imagine a fall or a car crash. Such events can break or fracture bones, leading to pain.
- Lacking Essential Minerals: Bones need certain minerals to stay healthy. If you lack calcium and vitamin D, your bones can weaken. This weakening, known as osteoporosis, often causes bone pain.
- Bone Cancer: Bone cancer is when cancer cells form in the bone. This is less common but can cause significant pain. Cancer disrupts the bone’s typical structure.
- Blow Flow Problems: Some conditions, such as sickle cell anemia, affect bone blood flow. Bones need blood to stay healthy. Without it, they start to hurt and weaken.
- Bone Infections: Bones can get infected, leading to osteomyelitis. This infection kills bone cells and causes pain.
- Bone Marrow And Leukemia: Leukemia is a cancer of the bone marrow. Since bone marrow makes bone cells, leukemia can lead to bone pain, often felt in the legs.
When To See A Doctor
It is necessary to see a doctor if:
- The pain is severe or lasts a long time
- Swelling does not go away
- You can not move around easily or comfortably
- Changes in the bone shape or joints
- You have a fever or feel very weak
Bone and joint issues can highly impact your life. They may be caused by age, diet, or genetics. Signs like pain, weakness, or swelling are clues. See a doctor if the pain is or won’t go away. Early help means getting back to normal faster. Caring for your bones and joints is vital to a healthy and active life.