A blood sugar drop is known as ‘Hypoglycemia’ in medical terms. It is a condition in which the blood sugar (glucose) level is lower than the standard range. Blood sugar levels usually fluctuate in a day.
Blood sugar, measured in mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter), can vary within a specific range subject to each person depending upon numerous factors. It can be dangerous if not treated when it goes below the healthy range.
The human digestive system breaks the food consumed into carbohydrates and produces Glucose in the bloodstream, a molecule that is a fundamental source of energy in the body. The pancreas produces Insulin, which helps the body cells to absorb glucose from the bloodstream. It means that if the insulin hormone is deficient, the body cells will abstain from consuming glucose from the bloodstream, which leads to Hypoglycemia or Hyperglycemia.
- Hypoglycemia means Low Blood Sugar Level
- Hyperglycemia means High Blood Sugar Level
Spectrum Of Blood Sugar
Blood sugar monitoring is a sensitive way to stay versatile. Periodic checkups will help you identify and monitor the blood sugar levels in your body. Test analysis can be consummate with the help of a lab technician or blood sugar testing machines at home.
The test comprises two stages. The first blood sample is to be collected in fasting (before eating food for at least 12 hours) and the second after an hour of consuming food. The first test value indicates the lowest blood sugar, while the second test value reveals the highest blood sugar spectrum of the bloodstream.
Age-Wise Healthy Ranges
According to endocrinologist specialists, the healthy range of blood sugar values is as follows.
- For Children below six years, 100 to 180 mg/dL. Below 100 mg/dL is considered low blood sugar, and above 180 mg/dL is high blood sugar.
- For Children between six to twelve years, 90 to 180 mg/dL. Below 90 mg/dL is considered low blood sugar, and above 180 mg/dL is high blood sugar.
- For Children between thirteen to nineteen years and adults above 20 years, 90 to 130 mg/dL. Below 90 mg/dL is considered low blood sugar, and above 130 mg/dL is high blood sugar.
Symptoms Of Blood Sugar Drop (Hypoglycemia)
The signs and symptoms of Hypoglycemia vary individually from one person to another. When the blood sugar level goes down, the brain’s function rattles, and it may lead to blurred vision, lethargy, and dullness.
Listed below are a few symptoms of mild blood sugar drop.
- Faster Heartbeat
- Feeling weak and distressed.
Here are some symptoms of severe blood sugar drop with the above indications.
- Tumbling Consciousness
- Skin Whiteness
First Aid For Hypoglycemia
Severe Hypoglycemia can be life-threatening, and it is necessary to address it promptly. The severity and sequence of the symptoms may have intense effects and lead to apathetic conditions for the person. Here are some efforts for treatment if a person is encountering symptoms.
- If the person is unconscious and unable to respond, it is better to seek a medical emergency immediately. Treatment with a healthcare specialist will help to manage the blood sugar levels effectively and prevent outbreaks of Hypoglycemia.
- If the person is conscious and responding, it is fair to provide sugary foods and beverages to boost the sugar levels. Foods with sources of carbohydrates are favorable and react quickly in these circumstances, like glucose tablets, hard candies, fruit juices, honey, or even sweets and cakes.
Causes Of Hypoglycemia
Some exterior factors that cause Hypoglycemia
- Skipping meals
- Exhaustive exercises
- Deficiency of carbohydrates in the diet
- Alcohol or Drug Consumption
- Side effects of any medication
Some interior factors that cause Hypoglycemia
- Insulin overproduction
- Hormonal disorders
- Liver diseases
- Enzyme deficiencies
- Surgical elements
- Inner infections
Hypoglycemia can occur in diabetic and non-diabetic people. Primitively, the brain is the first organ affected due to the blood sugar drop. The lack of glucose in the brain leads to erroneous functioning of the brain. Hence, it breaks down the reaction time, and the body will show the symptoms effectively. It is essential to keep track of blood sugar levels periodically to keep our health in a wholesome condition.